Easy ways to save money
No government can be sustained without the ability to tax its citizens. The question then arises how can a nation do so in a way that's fair and equitable to taxpayers without distorting incentives or the allocation of resources, while simultaneously promoting economic growth and providing the state with the funds it requires to adequately address the needs of its citizens? This insightful work, featuring contributions from a stellar array of international tax experts and economists, addresses the crucial issues which developed countries will confront in the early decades of the twenty-first century: - The pursuit of tax reform. - Personal tax base: income or consumption? - Tax rate scale: equity and efficiency aspects. - Business tax reform: structural and design issues. - Interjurisdictional issues. - Controlling tax avoidance.
Accounting for Income Taxes is the most comprehensive review of AFIT research. It is designed both to introduce new scholars to this field and to encourage active researchers to expand frontiers related to accounting for income taxes. Accounting for Income Taxes includes both a primer about the rules governing AFIT (Sections 3-4) and a review of the scholarly studies in the field (Sections 5-8). The primer uses accessible examples and clear language to express essential AFIT rules and institutional features. Section 3 reviews the basic rules and institutional details governing AFIT. Section 4 discusses ways that researchers, policymakers, and other interested parties can use the tax information in financial statements to better approximate information in the tax return. The second half of the monograph reviews the extant scholarly studies by splitting the research literature into four topics: earnings management, the association between book-tax differences and earnings characteristics, the equity market pricing of information in the tax accounts, and book-tax conformity. Section 5 focuses on the use of the tax accounts to manage earnings through the valuation allowance, the income tax contingency, and permanently reinvested foreign earnings. Section 6 discusses the association between book-tax differences and earnings characteristics, namely earnings growth and earnings persistence. Section 7 explores how tax information is reflected in share prices. Section 8 reviews the increased alignment of accounting for book purposes and tax purposes. The remainder of the monograph focuses on topics of general interest in the economics and econometrics literatures. Section 9 highlights some issues of general importance including a theoretical framework to interpret and guide empirical AFIT studies, the disaggregated components of book-tax differences and research opportunities as the U.S. moves toward International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). Section 10 discusses econometric weaknesses that are common in AFIT research and proposes ways to mitigate their deleterious effects.
The Affordable Care Act is now a reality, and it holds implications for all Americans. If you don't obtain minimum essential coverage, you'll find yourself penalized when you file a tax return, and there are other rules you need to follow regarding income tax. In this guidebook to understanding the ACA--also known as Obamacare--certified public accountant and insurance agent Joseph A. Gabra walks you through what you need to know to make an informed decision about the costs and benefits of obtaining insurance coverage. There's important information for people trying to make decisions about health care, for insurance agents seeking to provide wise counsel to clients, and for those who are self prepare their own tax return. Learn how to: understand the tax penalty calculation and its exemption; calculate the true cost of health insurance; keep more money in your pocket without breaking any laws. With a glossary of key terms, practical case studies in a question-and-answer format, and key insights about a misunderstood law, this guidebook helps you make critical decisions about some of the most important things in life: your health, the health of your loved ones, and your money.
WHO MAKES MONEY LIKE THIS? HOW? WHAT IS THE CATCH? READ THIS BOOK AND FIND OUT NOW AND FOREVER
The Japanese population is aging faster than any other in the world. The perÂ centage of Japan's population aged 65 and above was only 7.1% in 1970,but just 30 years later, in 2000, it reached 17.2%. A declining birth rate and a rising average life expectancy will continue to push this trend further. This situation is causing serious problems for Japanese society.Structural reforms, especially tax and social security reforms, to accommodate this drastic demographic change have become an urgent policy issue. The purpose of this book is to establish guidelines for tax and social security reforms in Japan in terms that are both efficient and equitable. In this study, an extended life-cycle general equilibrium model is employed to rigorously take account of the rapidly aging Japanese population. The simulation approach adopted in our analysis permits us to calculate the effects of alternative policy packages on capital accumulation and economic welfare. This enables us to make proposals for concrete economic policies.
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Easy ways to save money