Easy ways to save money
This book presents 15 original papers and commentaries by a distinguished group of tax policy and tax administration experts. Using international examples, they highlight the state of knowledge of tax reform, present new thinking about the issue, and analyze useful policy options. The book's general goal is to examine the current and emerging challenges facing tax reformers and to assess possible directions future reforms are likely to take. More specific themes include distributional issues, how to tax capital income, how to design specific taxes (e.g., the income tax, the value-added tax, the property tax), how to consider the politics and administrative aspects of tax reform, and how to combine the separate insights into comprehensive tax reform.
This definitive work on the law of income tax will prove invaluable to those involved in accountancy, the Inland Revenue or tax law. It will also be of vital assistance to those studying income tax on accountancy courses or studying for the Institute of Taxation's examinations. It is both comprehensive and concise and covers all aspects of this important subject.
There are a variety of compensation and financial planning issues that can be addressed by nonqualified deferred compensation (NQDC) arrangements. NQDC is essentially a compensation arrangement that provides for the payment of cash, property or benefits and does not come within one of the categories of deferred compensation arrangements which are "qualified" under applicable tax statutes. Written by specialists in the field, Taxation and Funding of Nonqualified Deferred Compensation defines the perspective of both the employee and employer in using this sophisticated planning tool. In this primer, the authors demonstrate how NQDC can provide solutions to complex compensation issues and provide up-to-date information on: The ways that NQDC can be tailored to serve the needs of employers and employees, and the tax consequences for each Differences in the timing of NQDC benefits under income tax and FICA rules The requirements for a NQDC plan to be exempt from some or all of ERISA Opportunities to minimize potential estate and income taxes on death benefits paid under NQDC How Section 457 of the IRC is applicable to NQDC arrangements for tax-exempt organizations and the unique burdens this puts on state and tax-exempt employers and their employees How NQDC impacts social security benefits, and when the risk of forfeiture should be structured to lapse in order to avoid substantial reductions in these payments Using NQDC with other plans, including split-dollar and 401(k) wrap plans Issues with financial accounting and securities laws"
In its Annual Report 2003/2004, the German Council of Economic Experts launched a dual income tax as an option for a fundamental tax reform in Germany. In February 2005, the German government appointed the Council to prepare a detailed report on economic effects of a business tax reform, with special emphasis on a dual income tax. With regard to the latter, conceptual problems of tax law and of tax administration were to be addressed as well as possible transitional problems when implementing a dual income tax. This book presents an English version of the original report completed in April 2006.
In the twentieth century the application of national taxes to income from international business has created complex yet fascinating issues. The co-ordination of national jurisdiction to tax international income has rested formally on a network of bilateral treaties, but its practical administration has relied on a community of specialists; business advisers on the one hand and national officials on the other. The rapid growth of transnational corporations has put great pressure on the international tax system, especially due to the increasing difficulty of ensuring that the internal transfer prices between related firms in different countries reflect a fair and acceptable allocation of costs and profits. Furthermore, the widespread use of intermediary companies formed in tax havens has led to complex counter-measures and a constant process of treaty renegotiation and interaction with national law. The increasingly close administrative co-operation of tax authorities has been criticized as secretive and often arbitrary. Yet proposals for a more comprehensive framework and clearer legitimizing principles and procedures have conflicted with both the vested interests of international firms and with sensitivities about national sovereignity. But major reforms are necessary, even if implemented piecemeal. Using perspectives from law, economics and social science, this book provides a systematic introduction to the major problems of international taxation of business income. In doing so, it retrieves important policy issues that have become buried in technical intricacies of the international taxation system.
Easy ways to save money Articles
Easy ways to save money Books
Easy ways to save money